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Abbreviations, Terms, and Welding Symbols

Abbreviations, Terms, and Welding Symbols Abbreviations It is useful to have an understanding of acronyms utilized within the world of welding and also welding inspection. Some commonly utilized ones are: API:                  American Petroleum Institute ASME:             American Society of Mechanical Engineers BM:        base metal BS:                   British Standard BSI:                  British Standards Institute CVI:                 close visual inspection DT:                   […]

Abbreviations, Terms, and Welding Symbols

Abbreviations, Terms, and Welding Symbols

Abbreviations

It is useful to have an understanding of acronyms utilized within the world of welding and also welding inspection. Some commonly utilized ones are:

API:                  American Petroleum Institute

ASME:             American Society of Mechanical Engineers BM:        base metal

BS:                   British Standard

BSI:                  British Standards Institute

CVI:                 close visual inspection

DT:                   destructive testing

EN:                   European standard (Euro Norm)

GVI:                 general visual inspection

HAZ:                heat affected zone

ISO:                  International Standards Organisation LCT: lower critical temperature

MT/MPI:          magnetic testing/magnetic particle inspection NDE/NDT: non destructive examination/non-destructive testing

PQR:                Procedure Qualification Record PT/LPE:    penetrant testing/liquid penetrant examination

PWHT:             post-weld heat treatment RT/RAD:             radiographic testing/radiography SWI:    senior welding inspector

UCT:                upper critical temperature

UT:                   ultrasonic testing

UTS:                 ultimate tensile strength

VI:                    visual inspection

VWI:                visual welding inspector

WI:                   welding inspector

WM:                 weld metal

WPS:                welding procedure specification

Common terms

Longitudinal direction:            along the length of the weldment (parallel to the weld)

Transverse direction:               along the width of the weldment (perpendicular to the weld) Short transverse direction: through the weldment thickness Weldment:    the combined weld, HAZ, and base metal.

Fusion weld:                           a weld produced by joining materials in a molten state

Yield point:                             the point at which plastic deformation starts in a material

Joint terminology

Prior to welding takes place the components to be joined need to be prepared as well as organized right into the required kind. One of the most typical forms of joint are butt (or groove) joints, T joints, and lap joints. Butt joint participants are fitted edge to edge, T joints are fitted edge to the surface area as well as lap joints are fitted surface to the surface area

Weld terminology

Sorts of weld used on the joints are butt (or groove) welds, fillet welds, edge welds, plug welds, and also spot welds. The type
Abbreviations, Terminology, as well as Welding Symbols of the weld, will be determined by the joint set-up yet one of the most frequently used welds are butt or fillet welds.

Full penetration butt welds are typically the best sort of weld with the strength included within the throat of the weld, The throat amounts to the thinnest of the parent materials to be signed up with.

Fillet welds likewise contain their stamina in the throat as well as the style throat dimension is generally (but not always) based on the leg size. In visual inspections, we can usually work out the layout throat dimension of a miter fillet with equivalent leg lengths by increasing the leg size.

Buttweld joint prep work consists of preparing both edges and after that organizing them with each other to permit the needed deepness of weld infiltration to be accomplished. Full infiltration welds are the most common however numerous applications will only require partial infiltration if the bonded joint is either lightly packed or is simply a securing weld.

The main objective of the joint preparation is to allow the needed level of combination between the joint faces. The type of weld prep work used will for that reason be dependent upon the thickness of the material as well as the welding procedure to be utilized. Some normal butt weld joint preparations are shown in Fig.

Single-sided preparations enable welding to happen from one side whereas double-sided preparations need welding to be done from both sides. A major negative aspect of having accessibility to only one side is that the other side of the initial root run can not be accessed to execute the removal of welding- generated problems. An example of this would be where a large space was called for to allow blend throughout the whole cross-section of the weld yet too much infiltration then occurred. Good control and also the development of the origin weld should, as a result, be maintained at the time of welding, and this can be assisted by using the root control steps

  • Non-fusible backing bars. These are always removed and also are normally made from copper (often water-cooled down) or ceramic as well as aid from the origin weld shape. It is very important to make certain that the copper bar does not melt and contaminate the weld as this might create weld steel cracking.
  •  Fusible backing strips. These are constructed from a material similar to the parent product and are tacked on to the mom and dad material. They are merged into the root and also are generally ground off, or occasionally left in place
  • . Pre-placed filler such as EB inserts. These are utilized on pipelines as well as welded making use of a TIG (tungsten inert gas) process. The EB represents Electric Boat as well as is the name of the firm that first supplied them. The use of EB inserts is a specialist procedure made use of in professional applications such as the nuclear market.

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